The Jews expected since the fall of the Israelite kingdom (586 BC), a savior, a bringer of peace, or even apocalyptic savior. One expects these rescuers as an agent of God (YHWH), and it will come as a man. He is not a temporary, but a final and have eternal task. He will bring justice and righteousness for the world and unite all the royal virtues such as wisdom, intelligence, determination, knowledge and fear of God. He was later referred to as Mashiach. In Aramaic manuscripts of the Bible (Jesus spoke Aramaic), he was then known in translation as the Messiah.
The Christians saw in Jesus the Messiah, even Jesus himself, it addressed more indirectly answered and rejected a political messianic expectation. The first Christians were anticipating a second coming, the return of Jesus, but in conjunction with the end times and the apocalypse.
In Islam, this “Savior and Redeemer of mankind is known as Mahdi.
The Hindus speak of a “madineh e Manssour faaseleh or” a great reformer, come and bring the world justice and peace.
The Buddhists also expect this savior and bringer of justice. In the various religions, he is known as Maitreya, but with different names.
The Mayans had amazing astrological knowledge and developed a high culture. However, they had no knowledge of the existence of the planet Neptun, so that their calculation was for the “turning point” in the year 2012 BC.